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      Environmental concerns are more important

A framework for the foundation of the ecocentric philosophy
Green thinking roots may be found in holism (from the greek word όλος – olos = whole – ‘the whole is more than the sum of its parts’, Aristotle, and everything is connected to everything else) and gaianism (from γαία – gaea = earth – the planet functioning like a single organism). It is incorporated within the broader perspectives of anthropocentrism (άνθρωπος – anthropos = human being - the world exists for humanity) and biocentrism (βίος – veos = life - all forms of life are equally valuable).

Originating from the word ‘οίκος’ (ecos = house) and ‘κέντρον’ (kendron = centre), ecocentrism denotes the belief that environmental concerns are more important than the needs and rights of human beings and is described as one of the distinguishing features of the non-human-centred (biocentric) based typologies within ecologism.

Protecting the trees
Ecologism embraces the ideas, beliefs and attitudes relating to the green movement, which is defined as the variety of popularly based responses following the increasing public awareness of environmental degradation. On the other hand, and according to Andrew Dobson, ecologism is a political ideology, a new Green ideology which is described in his book Green Political Thought. There he discusses the need to put limits to economic and population growth, limits to consumption, to take the natural world as a model for the social world with its equality and interdependence of all species and the humility that this implies, calls attention to the limits of society and the planet to absorb pollution and to the necessity that any society be sustainable. Dobson is a supporter of deep ecology which is advocating a deep concern (for its own sake) for ecological principles like complexity, diversity and symbiosis, as opposed to ‘shallow’ ecology which supports a shallow concern at pollution and resource depletion level. Deep ecology is also about the depth of social change needed to overcome the environmental crisis.

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    Building Environmental Performance